History, present situation and future of China grand Canal (Beijing section)

2022-06-02 0 By

Introduction The research Office of the Beijing Municipal Planning and Self-Administration Commission is responsible for the evaluation of the research results of the Beijing Municipal Planning and Self-administration Commission, and the Beijing Urban Planning Society is responsible for organizing the expert evaluation.In 2020, 98 projects were declared, and the first prize, second prize and third prize were selected after the evaluation of experts.In order to promote communication and improvement, the society will select part of the topic selection.If there is anything wrong, please comment.Third prize of China’s grand canal (Beijing segment) history, current situation and future host unit Beijing design institute of surveying and mapping entity undertaking surveying and mapping design and research institute of Beijing space information innovation research institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences topic title of China’s grand canal (Beijing segment) winning awards won the third prize history, present and future of the grand canal (Beijing segment) pieces an overview of the research significance of jinping stressed general secretary””The Grand Canal is a precious heritage left to us by our ancestors. It is a flowing culture. We should protect, inherit and make good use of the Grand Canal in a coordinated manner.It is pointed out that to promote the construction of the Grand Canal cultural belt is not only to activate the cultural resources and assets of the millennium, but also to build a world-class cultural confidence and cultural development platform, enhance the soft power of Chinese culture, strengthen the self-confidence, self-consciousness and self-strengthening of the Chinese nation, and enhance the centribism and cohesion of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.China’s grand canal and the grand canal in pieces (Beijing segment) circuit schematic research goal 1. The formation of research report: according to the research task schedule in 2020, combined with the city science and technology commission “grand canal in China (Beijing) cultural heritage digital and remote sensing monitoring” work, is “the grand canal in China (Beijing) the history, present situation and the future” launches the research, and form a research report.2. Discuss countermeasures and suggestions: Based on the actual protection needs of the Grand Canal cultural belt in Beijing, this paper proposes the challenges facing the planning and protection of the Grand Canal (Beijing Section) from three dimensions of history, current situation and future, conducts policy interpretation, field research and discusses countermeasures and suggestions.After applying for the world Heritage, Beijing has introduced various policies year by year in the protection of the Grand Canal (Beijing section), which provides decision support for the implementation of the construction of the Grand Canal cultural belt: 1.In terms of historical and original appearance display, it provides guidance for the realization of scientific monitoring, effective protection, sustainable utilization and historical and original appearance display of the Grand Canal of China (Beijing section), and guarantees the authenticity, integrity and continuity of the canal heritage to the maximum extent.2. At the implementation level of status quo protection: provide feasible plans for improving the status quo of cultural relics and surrounding areas, and provide support for the protection and reuse of various sites.3. In terms of future planning, it proposes the development pattern of the Grand Canal cultural belt with “one river, two roads and three zones”, and arranges the medium and long term goals of the cultural protection, inheritance and utilization of the Grand Canal from 2025, 2035 and 2050.1. Tracing the history of the canal: it is extremely urgent to realize the precise digitalization of the temporal dimension of the original appearance of the canal in different historical periods by combining historical documents, using spatial data/information collection such as historical maps and historical images, 3d modeling and virtual reconstruction and other technologies.2. Monitoring the status quo of the canal: With the acceleration of new urbanization in Beijing, it is urgent to use new information technology to dynamically monitor and quantitatively evaluate the status quo of the canal corridor, and properly deal with the contradiction between heritage protection and urban development.3. Future planning of the Canal:With the demand planning protection and plan implementation, to build on the working mechanism of multi-sectoral coordination targeted and develop the monitoring indicators, and to realize the integration of the various achievements of temporal, spatial and unification of the grand canal background and dynamic monitoring platform construction, with the existing planning and cultural relics warning platform of cohesion, always implement all the units in the canal protection coordination and information sharing.1. In terms of heritage monitoring, we have carried out river monitoring, put forward 68 applicable monitoring indicators, and developed a monitoring platform.The water depth is detected by unmanned ship sonar, and the mooring bank is scanned in 3D to check the deformation and water level, so as to realize the fixed environmental cloud browsing of the Grand Canal.2. In the aspect of heritage research: cooperation between institutions is adopted to participate in joint research.Spatial geographic information was used to carry out heritage protection and cultural relic protection in The Suzhou section, 3d scanning was carried out, and individual fine 3D modeling of major sites was completed, accumulating a large amount of data.3. In terms of estate management: a collaborative management mechanism and platform has been formed.4. In terms of heritage display and public participation: Starting from protection, inheritance and utilization, it highlights the charm of Gusu, focuses on building the Grand Canal cultural creative corridor, and establishes an exhibition hall to explain the influence of canal culture on the region.Field investigation of Baodai Bridge Research group field investigation of main site ◆ Hangzhou section 1.In terms of heritage monitoring: in terms of daily monitoring of illegal construction, the control of canal pattern and heritage buffer zone construction projects on both sides are supported by the monitoring and UNESCO Heritage Application technical team, who are responsible for daily inspection and monitoring.In the aspect of water environment monitoring, the section is measured by river chief system.2. In terms of heritage research: 3D modeling of important sites has been achieved, and 3d information has been provided for public display and support of cultural and creative products.3. In terms of overall management: Cooperate with the monitoring mechanism, complete the annual data monitoring task through system data acquisition, and form the authoritative data of the industry.Combined with urban brain, 5G and other technologies, the comprehensive monitoring of canal heritage has one machine and multiple screens.Two-level platform and three-level management national platform are adopted to meet the requirements of monitoring and protection management.The grand Canal World Heritage archive database will be built to improve the validity of heritage protection and inheritance ability.4. In terms of heritage exhibition and public participation: creating well versed in the province along the canal and the historical and cultural corridor and recreational corridor, makes the inheritance of Chinese civilization culture tourism products, improve the optimization of the grand canal cultural tourism infrastructure and supporting services, the grand canal, zhejiang section as domestic and international cultural exchanges between the core and external canal cultural exchanges and open new heights.The work and Suggestions of Beijing Section of China Beijing-Hangzhou Grand Canal Museum provide important decision-making basis for canal planning and protection through field investigation.Specific as follows: mixer sysytem canal, restoration of the grand canal (Beijing segment) past 1. Historical topographic map digitization: based on the existing part of the canal history and historical topographic maps of image data, sorting, matching, digitalization of ancient, ancient review and digital map data and registration, the formation of the canal project data set, these data sets can provide data for planning and construction for reproduction.2. Analysis of time series historical images: obtain historical satellite images from 1950s to 1980s, and form and make historical image atlas of the Grand Canal (Beijing section) with a span of 5-10 years through orthographic correction.3. 3D virtual scene reconstruction: combined with historical documents, VR and AR technologies are utilized to create virtual modeling for the historical 3D scene of the heritage site, so as to reproduce and restore the ancient Beijing caoyun culture.The canal – reconstruction of the Grand Canal (Beijing section) now through the investigation, the grand Canal protection needs a two three-dimensional status quo show background, can use the space 3d modeling, the formation of the Grand Canal (Beijing section) ontology 3D, scene 3D.1. 3D scene modeling: Real-time 3d modeling of the Beijing section of the Canal can be achieved by using time-series aerial images. The historical and current 3D model results can reflect the environmental changes of the canal.2. 3D ontology modeling: MM level high-precision modeling of 3d ontology of the site is carried out based on UAV, which can meet the needs of digitization and repair of cultural relics protection.Remote sensing of the grand Canal (Beijing section) in the future remote sensing monitoring prevention, so that based on the eye monitoring and early warning become normal.1. In terms of daily monitoring: through the establishment of a reporting mechanism for heritage monitoring data of the Grand Canal, water quality monitoring, rainfall monitoring, tourist volume monitoring and shipping situation monitoring of the canal will be accumulated.2. In terms of special monitoring: modern monitoring technology is adopted to form comprehensive three-dimensional monitoring of canal heritage area and buffer zone from different spatial dimensions of sky, water surface and water, so as to provide decision-making basis for canal heritage protection and management.At the same time, through daily inspection, the relevant heritage issues are continuously tracked to achieve timely intervention, real-time feedback and effective treatment.1. Through the analysis of the temporal and spatial evolution of the Grand Canal, the rational development and utilization of the relevant resources of the Grand Canal will be coordinated.2. Build a unified supervision platform for all static historical data and dynamic monitoring data, establish a management system integrating wetland protection, environmental governance, popular science education, scientific research monitoring and infrastructure planning, make the canal platform “live”, make dynamic monitoring become normal, and ensure the authority and real-time data.1. Protection, research and publicity: It is suggested to hold a number of special subject studies, seminars, news and publicity, cultural festivals and exhibitions to promote the protection, research and publicity of the Grand Canal.2. Cultural relics collection and research: In areas with rich cultural relics, the Grand Canal Museum in Beijing will be built to collect, display and study the cultural relics of the Grand Canal.3. Cultural industry development: Centering on the theme of “Canal culture”, large-scale cultural industry projects such as canal theme park, exhibition center, business service place, film and television creative base are planned to promote the sound and rapid development of canal cultural industry.The conclusion suggests taking the research topic as the starting point, combining the data and software results of the digitalization and monitoring of canal cultural heritage, further promoting the implementation and application of scientific research results, and cooperating with the relevant departments and commissions in the commission to cooperate with the collection and analysis of engineering data.Including but not limited to the restoration of cultural relics, construction of cultural facilities, restoration of cultural relics and restoration of historical features, it provides important data and technical support for relevant government departments to make decision-making analysis on the construction of the Grand Canal cultural belt.Source: Beijing Urban Planning Society