He Yingqin is the number two person in huangpu department, why is people called “he Mother-in-law”?
In June 1936, the guangdong-Gui warlords forced Chiang Kai-shek to step down on the grounds of resistance against Japan, and he was soon pacified by the central government.In September, He Yingqin took office as minister of military affairs and director of Guangzhou Operation.In December 1936, the Xi ‘an Incident broke out and Chiang Kai-shek was detained by Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng. He Yingqin, who was acting for Chiang kai-shek in Nanjing, advocated the solution by force and immediately organized a punitive army. On December 17, he took office as commander in chief of the rebellion by telex, mobilized the central Army to drive to Tongguan and sent planes to bomb Xi ‘an.Kong Xiangxi, Song Meiling and other peace factions believed that He Yingqin was trying to “use a knife to kill” and stimulate Zhang Xueliang and Yang Hucheng to kill Chiang Kai-shek with a military attack so that he could take his place. Therefore, Song Meiling wrote in a letter to Chiang Kai-shek with profound meaning, “There is a play in Nanjing opera”.Zhang Xueliang and Chiang Kai-shek after the peaceful settlement of the Xi ‘an incident, Chiang Kai-shek returned to Nanjing, he Yingqin rate of military and political leaders to the airport to meet, Chiang Kai-shek also behaved very kindly to him.Afterwards, Chiang kai-shek said on various occasions that the peaceful settlement of the Xi ‘an Incident was due to the military pressure exerted by He Yingqin.This time Chiang kai-shek was not as bitter as he had been after his first disobedience, but the bitterness in his heart naturally deepened.From then on, he Yingqin served as minister of Military affairs, commander of the Fourth Theater Command, Commander in chief of the Chinese Expeditionary Force, and Commander in chief of the Chinese Theater Army, but all of them were high in rank and had no real power, and he was no longer able to control the real military power.The climax of Ho Yingqin’s life came on September 9, 1945, when, as commander of the Chinese Theater Army, he accepted the surrender of Nippon Okamura, commander-in-chief of the Japanese Chinese Dispatched Forces, in Nanjing.It is a great honor to accept Japan’s surrender on behalf of China at a historic moment when The Uss Missouri surrendered to the entire Allied camp.But when He stood up at the ceremony and took the letter of surrender from Okamura in both hands, he was criticized for being too polite to the surrendered Japanese and lacking the dignity that a victor should have.In fact, he yingqin was criticized for being pro-Japanese in the 1930s before the outbreak of all-out War against Japan.After the 918 Incident, Japan occupied northeast China and continued to encroach on north China. Considering that He Yingqin was a graduate of the Japanese military academy, Chiang Kai-shek appointed him as acting chairman of the Sub-committee of the Military Affairs Committee, mainly responsible for negotiating with Japan.At that time, the Nanjing government thought that the national strength was not enough to wage a full-scale war with Japan, so it mainly adopted the strategy of patience to win time for war preparation.He Yingqin is very clear about this, but he is not willing to back traitorous name, so he played some tricks, Tanggu armistice agreement fully delegated Xiong Bin signature, and he Mei agreement is not complete text, all through the form of memorandum to agree.Chiang had asked him to accept the Japanese surrender, in a sense as consolation and compensation for his experience of Stoic surrender and taking the blame.After xiong bin’s victory in the War of Resistance against Japanese aggression, He yingqin lost his military power completely and served as the head of the Chinese delegation to the United Nations Security Council military Staff committee and chairman of the Strategic Advisory Committee of the Presidential Palace. He was appointed as a member of the Administrative Council and minister of National Defense in May 1948.In January 1949, Chiang Kai-shek stepped down for the third time. This time, He Yingqin finally stood on the right side, acting on Chiang Kai-shek’s instructions, and became the chief executive of li Zongren’s government in order to contain the GUI clan.After Li Zongren’s kuomintang was defeated and retreated to Taiwan, He Yingqin claimed that he had closed his mind and did not listen to political affairs. In his later years, he mainly held meetings and made speeches in response to the situation. He spent most of his spare time playing bridge, golf, picking flowers and planting trees and so on.Old age ho ying-chin and friends play golf in ho ying-chin returning home from his ups and downs, no children, his life just adopt his brother daughter, but even so, he has been feeling is very good, and his first wife Wang Wenxiang neither concubinage is no gossip, it is also rare in the KMT’s top generals.When Wang was diagnosed with breast cancer in 1952, He took good care of her for more than 20 years until her death in April 1978, earning him a reputation as the model husband of the Kuomintang’s top brass.He Yingqin as the second head of the Huangpu department, personality is very peaceful, has been amiable to subordinates, few harsh words, so in the Huangpu department called “He Mother-in-law”, and he and Chiang Kai-shek as the “strict father and mother” of the Huangpu.On March 11, 1979, he Yingqin’s 90th birthday, Chiang Ching-kuo presented he Yingqin with the Highest honor of the Kuomintang, the Order of National Glory, and presided over a birthday tea party attended by all the top officials of the Kuomintang party, government and army.On October 21, 1987, He Yingqin died in Taipei at the age of 98.He Yingqin once said to his daughter, “The greatest honor that Lord Jiang gave me was to preside over the ceremony of surrender in Nanjing after the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression.Since I came to Taiwan, the greatest honor Mr. Jingguo has given me is to participate in my 90th and 95th birthdays. I have achieved something that other people do not get in my life, and I should be satisfied.”Indeed, dying at 98 is a rare ending for a politician in turbulent times.