Discover nodule is cancer?Chinese women first high hair!Both numbers are reported or confirmed

2022-05-16 0 By

Many women think breast nodules are cancer when they are found in physical examination, and panic for fear that they are a sign of breast cancer.According to the Global Cancer Report 2020, published by the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), “There were 2.26 million new cases of breast cancer worldwide in 2020 and 2.2 million new cases of lung cancer.Breast cancer has officially overtaken lung cancer as the world’s most common cancer!”Breast cancer is also the most common malignant tumor in Chinese women.Face to come aggressive breast cancer, mammary gland once discover nodule, be cancer?Can men also get breast cancer?Let’s learn…Breast cancer is for women, not men?According to statistics, male breast cancer accounts for about 1% of all breast cancer patients.American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) guidelines state that the lifetime risk of breast cancer is about 1 in 1,000 for men and about 1 in 8 for women.The incidence of breast cancer steadily increases with age, but the average age at which men (67) are diagnosed with breast cancer is five years older than women (62).Male breast cancer has older onset, higher malignancy, easy invasion of surrounding tissues and distant metastasis, and higher mortality.Men with breast cancer are 19 per cent more likely to die from it than women, according to a large study in JAMA Oncology, a leading international journal of Oncology.Risk factors for male breast cancer include a family history of breast cancer, a history of breast or chest radiation therapy, carrying susceptibility genes (e.g., BRCA2, BRCA1, CHEK2, PALB2), use of exogenous estrogen, and diseases associated with excess estrogen (e.g., Kremer’s syndrome).Once mammary gland discovers nodule, be cancer?Examination of the nodules reported by breast ultrasound may also be benign or malignant.Benign nodules are usually not a problem; only malignant nodules should be considered alarming.The full name of BI-RADS is Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System, which refers to the American College of Radiology’s Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System.The BI-RADS grading method classifies breast lesions into 0-6 grades, and the higher the grade, the greater the probability of malignant transformation.So how does mammary gland ultrasound report distinguish benign, malignant?If the breast ultrasound report shows “BI-RADS 0, 1, 2”, it is safe and the probability of malignancy is 0%.If “BI-RADS 3” is displayed, it indicates that it is relatively safe. You only need to insist on regular review (usually once every 6 months).If “BI-RADS 4” is displayed and grade 4 is divided into 4A, 4B and 4C, it indicates the possibility of malignancy and requires biopsy for clarification.If the report form reads “BI-RADS 5, 6,” it indicates a high suspicion of malignant or confirmed breast cancer and requires early treatment.Malignant characteristics of breast nodules: unilateral single nodules are common, poor activity, unclear boundary, rich blood flow, lack of complete capsule, hard, small calcification, often adhesion with the skin, growth speed and so on.Typical symptoms of malignant nodules 1, breast mass;2, nipple discharge;3, skin changes, such as “dimple sign” (caused by local skin pulling, wrinkling), “orange peel change” (caused by skin edema);4. Abnormal nipple and areola;5, axillary lymph node enlargement.How to perform breast screening?The World Health Organization has clearly listed early breast cancer as a curable disease, and early diagnosis and treatment is the best way to improve the cure rate of breast cancer.Every woman should learn to self-examine her breasts.Premenopausal women choose self-testing 7 to 14 days after menstruation, but note that self-testing is not a substitute for cancer screening.If breast lumps, nipple discharge, nipple pull changes, breast local skin heave or depression and other symptoms to seek medical attention as soon as possible.Regular physical screening can lead to breast cancer being detected earlier, improving cure and survival rates and saving some patients from mastectomy.Age of breast cancer screening: Screening for breast cancer should begin at age 40 for people at general risk.1) Mammograms should be performed every 1 to 2 years for people aged 40 to 70;The dense mammary gland is recommended to be combined with B ultrasound examination.2) Mammograms should be performed every 1 to 2 years for people over 70 years of age.For high-risk groups (such as those with a clear family history of breast cancer, BRCA1/BRCA2 or other pathogenic mutations related to breast cancer, etc.), it is advisable to start breast cancer screening before the age of 40, once a year, in addition to mammography, MRI and other imaging methods can be used.How to prevent breast cancer?1. Pregnancy and childbirth, adhere to breastfeeding.Advanced age unmarried, advanced age of first birth and other breast cancer risk factors.Women are advised to marry, try to give birth before the age of 30 and breastfeed for at least six months.2. Get enough sleep and improve your quality.Arrange work and rest reasonably and ensure adequate sleep time. Adults should sleep 7 to 9 hours, and the elderly over 65 should sleep 7 to 8 hours.Try to avoid staying up late, and do not engage in day-night work for a long time.3. Combine regular work and rest in daily life.Stay happy and in a good mood.4. Control your weight and exercise scientifically.150-300 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity per week, or 75-150 minutes of vigorous physical activity per week, may help prevent cancer.5. Eat right, quit smoking and drinking.Try not to drink or smoke, and diversify your food choices.Avoid high-sugar, high-fat diets, drink fewer beverages and cut back on red meat.It is recommended to eat more vegetables and fruits, especially green leafy and cruciferous vegetables.6. Lingerie fits, hormones beware.High estrogen is an important factor in the incidence of breast cancer. In daily diet, it is recommended that ordinary people do not eat a large amount of royal jelly for a long time.In particular, royal jelly is not recommended for hormone-receptor-positive breast cancer patients.Bra wearing was not among the risk factors for breast cancer.However, long-term wearing of inappropriate bra will make the chest in a state of bondage, resulting in blood circulation, not conducive to the health of the breast, but also affect the shape of the chest.Buy underwear best try on personally, usually half a year or so to change.Breast enhancement products or health care products on the market may contain estrogen, try to avoid using.If hormone replacement therapy or oral contraceptives are required, follow the guidance of your doctor.(Kopp China)