Do you know where else the Chinese pangolin can be found?| world pangolin day
Although today is Saturday, it is also another important day – “World Pangolin Day”.The purpose of the day is to raise awareness of the current situation and plight of pangolins, and to call for an end to the killing of pangolins worldwide, and to take measures to protect them together.World 02.19 Pangolin Day ▲ Chinese pangolins.© Dong Lei – Colorful Nature – Searching for the Last Pangolin by China Environmental Protection Foundation According to the records, Chinese pangolin, Malay pangolin and Indian pangolin are distributed in China, among which The Chinese pangolin is the most widely distributed and has the largest number.Chinese pangolin was once widely seen in provinces south of the Yangtze River in China, but since the middle of the 20th century, the wild pangolin in China has experienced severe distribution reduction and population decline due to historical overhunting.▲ IUCN distribution area of Chinese pangolin and confirmed distribution sites in China from 2010 to 2020.At present, Chinese pangolin has been listed as one of the key protected wild animals in China, and has been assessed as critically endangered (CR) in the IUCN Red List.On June 5, 2020, pangolins were upgraded from the second-class state key protected animal to the first-class state key protected animal.Where are pangolins in China?▲ West Zhijiang.© Li Cheng In Guangdong province, there is a wonderful river, Xizhijiang, which is accompanied by the Lotus Mountain and connects Shenzhen and Huidong.Due to the need of local water source protection and the rapid rise of the Pearl River Delta, most of the residents go to work and live in the city, the reduction of mountain population and the attention to water source and forest protection make the continuous forest on both sides of the Xizhijiang river to be preserved, forest habitat reaches hundreds of square kilometers.Today, it has become a time capsule of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, where many species that are not commonly found in our lives can still be found, including the Chinese pangolin.▲ Chinese pangolin.© Li Cheng The Chinese pangolin feeds on termites and ants. Compared with its arboreal cousin, the Chinese pangolin is terrestrial and burrowing.Although they can climb trees occasionally, they can locate termite nests more than two meters underground with their keen sense of smell.Almost all of the structure of the Chinese pangolin is designed for this habit. Compared to the Horse pangolin, they have relatively large front PAWS, large hind feet like human feet for earth pushing, and a “fifth hand” — a thick, powerful tail covered with scales.▲ The lovely “Forest guardian”.© Li Cheng These characteristics of The Chinese pangolin have the decisive ability to control the population of termites that live in the deep underground, so they are also known as “forest guardians”.Why is Black-bird protection so important to pangolins?In October 2019 to October 2020, the national forest bureau, forestry bureau, huidong county, guangdong province forestry bureau, and la shan’s center under the support of the pearl river project, west river ecological conservation center and huidong county forestry technology extending stations in huidong county birds ailian mainly mountainous area to develop the Chinese pangolin population investigation, data obtained many important results.311 distribution information of Chinese pangolin were obtained from field investigation, including 308 fresh caves of Chinese pangolin.A total of 209 Chinese pangolin videos were obtained by infrared trigger camera.Based on the difference analysis of fresh cave diameter measurement data and individual identification technology of infrared camera image, the results showed that at least 62 Chinese pangolins lived in the 60-square-kilometer area of Wudianzhang and its surrounding area by direct counting.By analyzing the relationship between cave size and age of Chinese pangolin, we found that the individual population of Chinese pangolin in Wudianzhang area accounted for 28.5% in 2 years, and the population structure was reasonable and conducive to recovery.Compared with other regions in China, Wudianzhang is the largest Chinese pangolin population in mainland China.At the same time, through monitoring in recent years, it has also been found that a large number of abandoned caves of Chinese pangolin are used by a variety of animals in the forest.A variety of forest rodents, weasel badger, spotted forest beaver, bamboo rat, squirrel, yellow-bellies, boa constrictor, king cobra and other animals will directly use the pangolin burrow to live;Ocelots, lopheasants, silver pheasants and owls use the entrance of pangolin caves to wait for rabbits and prey on rodents and insects that enter and exit pangolin caves.Fresh mounds outside pangolin burrows provide important microhabitats such as sand baths for birds such as the green-winged golden dove.Red muntjac, python, green wing golden dove.© Li Cheng In the closed forest, caves and fresh mounds are scarce resources. Chinese pangolins change the habitat conditions of some small and medium-sized animals by digging a large number of micro-habitats such as caves.At the same time, the behaviors of Chinese pangolin, such as “digging holes” and “digging grass into nests”, have changed the surface soil morphology and promoted the water conservation conditions in the forest.Grey-breasted bamboo chicken, yellow-bellied weasel, collared horned owl.© Li Cheng Therefore, we also call The Chinese pangolin “the building engineer of the forest”, which plays a very important role in the forest ecosystem of South China.Only by protecting them can we protect the whole ecological environment.In May 2021, the Beijing Entrepreneur Environmental Protection Foundation (SEE Foundation) launched China’s first public protection project for the Chinese pangolin in ant Forest.The project plans to establish a management organization and team of Wudianzhang Public welfare Protection area, and work closely with local forestry authorities and communities to strengthen patrol and monitoring, and effectively reduce poaching activities.To understand the status of major protected objects and other important species in the region through monitoring;Help surrounding communities to carry out livelihood development and nature education activities, build a harmonious relationship between the protected area and the community, and promote the effective protection of the area.In May of the same year, with the support of the local government and forestry department, “Huidong County Natural Ecological Protection promotion Association” was formally established.As the implementation agency of the Wudianzhang Public Welfare Protected Area project, the association has actively carried out various conservation work in the area, with the Chinese pangolin as the flagship species.▲ The inaugural Meeting of the Promotion Association.The Li Cheng/Photo project employed 8 local villagers as the protection area rangers, developed the protection plan, and regularly carried out daily patrol and infrared camera monitoring work every month.By the end of 2021, the patrol team had carried out a total of 26 days of patrol work, with a mileage of 341.88 kilometers.At the same time, the patrol team and the county forest public security unit linkage, to help deal with the illegal acquisition of 2 incidents.▲ The patrol team carries out daily patrol on the mountain.© Li Cheng From October to December of the same year, the project completed the installation of the infrared camera monitoring system in the protected area, and captured 326 videos of wildlife monitoring.Among them, 19 Chinese pangolin videos were identified as 12 pangolins.In addition, a new species of badger was also found in Wudianzhang area.In order to improve the project execution professional ability of the on-site protection team, the project also organized and carried out three special business trainings for the management and protection personnel of the protected area.Every ranger mastered the basic skills of using infrared camera, learned to make patrol plan and collect natural materials, and laid a foundation for the continuous development of follow-up protection work.▲ Rangers install infrared equipment.© Li Cheng In early 2022, with the joint support of Hikvision STAR Public Welfare Partnership, Alashan SEE Pearl River Project Center and SEE Foundation, the intelligent monitoring and protection system of Wudianzhang Chinese pangolin was upgraded and improved.Through constructing professional video monitoring platform monitoring system software, wild animals, animal conflict monitoring system, pangolin intelligent analysis system, etc., the project will implement the intelligent identification and monitoring of pangolin populations of wild birds ailian udinese’s Chinese pangolin sites provide powerful image data, especially the life of pangolin in forest environment record,We will help better research and protection of pangolins.▲ Vibrant Black fowl zhangzhang.© Li Cheng through the monitoring and research of pangolins, let us see more dynamic connections between things, their activities silently make the forest to more complete, more service value direction of succession.Now the Chinese pangolin has been upgraded to the first level of national protection. It can play a more important role in protecting wudianzhang, a south Asian forest with rich biodiversity.